Have you followed Humans of New York? Photographer Brandon Stanton takes portraits of random individuals and asks them a question or two. The answers appear at the photo captions. It’s utterly captivating art and social commentary. Every so often an image will strike a nerve with HONY followers as with this recent portrait. Or more accurately, the caption that accompanied the image. “I’m a little headstrong at work, which can get me into trouble with my manager. But if my way works just fine, why do I have to do things his way?” The generational gap in two sentences.
The responses on the HONY facebook page are textbook, neatly divided by “because he’s the boss” to “she’s got a point.” I would bet money that the profiles of the responders would reveal a generational divide as well. Pragmatic or insolent? Depends on whether you are bringing Boomer or Gen X/Y values to the conversation. Not surprisingly, an internet discussion among strangers didn’t resolve this one!
We are almost halfway through 2014, which means that in six short months every member of the Boomer generation will have turned 50. Orange is the new black, 50 is the new 40.
So when the membership cards arrive in their mailboxes, these new AARP recruits will be welcomed with promotions aimed at enticing them to enjoy their later years with deals that are anything but old. New benefits include concert ticket deals with Live Nation, among other travel and entertainment-oriented options. In a recent Associated Piece, and AARP spokesperson confirmed this is a shift from as recently as just 10 years ago.
Business leaders would do well to pay attention. AARP membership aside, most 50 year olds are still 15-plus years away from retirement. Keeping them—and their institutional knowledge about your business—can be beneficial to your stability and success.
Just as the AARP and many individual businesses are providing new and different benefits to Boomers, businesses should consider the same. Overall compensation, especially strong health benefits, will always be important. But soft benefits are increasingly valuable, such as flexible schedules, memberships, discount purchases, and more.
Which non-compensation benefits resonate most with your Boomer employees?
Technology has enabled a virtual world that Boomers and Matures never imagined, and one that Millennials and Xers have come to expect–especially in the white collar workplace. Why should someone be tied to a desk all day if their peers are not in the same office, or even the same time zone? What difference does it make if I work from 7-2, take a break to handle afterschool duties, and then resume working at home from 8-10, as long as I meet my deadlines?
This unorthodox balance of the personal and the professional, and the underlying message that time has its own value, has been central to the expectations of younger generations in the workplace for years. In recent years, it is becoming increasingly important to older generations as well.
Whether due to financial need or simply a desire to stay active and involved, Boomers are working longer, but are increasingly seeking more flexible work options. A recent New York Times article, The Age Premium: Retaining Older Workers, shares the stories of Boomers and employers that are seeking to create balance for older workers. One of the most interesting approaches is that of CVS’s “snowbird” program that allows employees in northern climates to transfer to stores in the south during the winter. The program allows CVS to place its mature employees where their customer base is also largely mature, creating a benefit for the business as well as the employees. Other companies offer reduced schedules for semi-retired employees, allowing them to serve as mentors to rising leaders.
And that may be the critical thing. With Generation X such a small workforce compared to Boomers and Millennials, businesses may be facing a knowledge gap. Looking outside the box and considering flexible employment scenarios can help bridge that gap while also helping hesitant Boomers ease into their retirement years.
I am frequently asked whether the differences in the generations are true differences or simply differences between ages. It is also a common belief that individuals grow more conservative as they grow older, however statistics do not necessarily bear that one out. The Pew Research Center recently reviewed 30 years of voting trends, comparing the percent of young (age 18-29) and older (age 65+) voters who voted democratic in each election between 1972 and 2012. With the exception of the 1972 Nixon election and the 2008 and 2012 elections of Barack Obama, the gap between the ages has only been a few percentage points.
In every year between Nixon and Obama, the percent of democratic voters was fairly consistent at both ends of age spectrum. So while Millennials and Boomers are not voting alike right now – there was a 21 percentage point gap in the 2008 election and 16 point gap in 2012, older and younger generations have more of a consistent voting record than one would think. In fact, from 1988 through 2004, the democratic vote for both age groups hovered around 50 percent. What does this mean for the workplace? Honestly, I’m not sure.
But what I do know is that for most of the Millennials’ lives, their supposedly “more conservative” elders have actually been voting fairly democratic. And as the Millennials came of voting age the percent of young people voting democratic jumped to 60+ percent.
I can’t help but think that this has a correlation to the Millennial desire to “find a job you love” – the manifestation of ideas set in motion, but never quite realized, by their Boomer parents.
In fact, some researchers used statistics to prove that theory a few years ago. Generational behaviors are no different. One poll says that Gen X is the most optimistic it has ever been. Another says it has the most financial stress of all the generations. Another says, no, Boomers are the ones who are facing financial crisis. All the while Boomers are lauded as the having most of the nation’s buying power.
If you want to take a position on the generations, you can find a study that will back you up. But that’s what makes it interesting…how do you get to the bottom of the numbers and figure out what’s what? That’s where generational norms come into play. When you step back and consider the world that each generation grew up in, and how that world makes an imprint on the generational DNA, you’ll notice that trends begin to emerge among all the disparate research. The essence of each generation begins to appear. And while there are, of course, individual differences from person to person, generational norms tend to ring true more often than not.
The studies, polls and research are interesting moment-in-time snapshots of a particular issue. The fundamental truths of each generation are the reasons why they are responding to a moment in time in a particular way. The more you know, the more you can predict, or at least adapt to, the way your coworkers, managers and employees react to changes in the workplace based on their generational perspective. And I’ve got the stats to prove it.
Not exactly. But while much is written about the high concentration of affluence in the Boomer ranks, and the speculation that Gen Xers will be the first generation not expected to surpass their parents in terms of financial success, a Bloomberg Businessweek feature tells the story of wealth disparity between a Boomer worker and her Mature father.
It might be easy to blame this on the recent recession, as so many Boomers lost significant value in investments or found themselves unemployed at a point in their careers where they expected relative stability. Yet, the underlying issues may be more about generational norms than the nation’s economy or state of the global markets. During the course of the Boomer career, the fundamental structure of work changed. Boomers saw the disappearance of the golden watch retirement and the scaling back and near extinction of employee pension plans. Retirement planning became self-guided and self-funded. Career paths became mercurial (though this was certainly just the beginning). They also pioneered the idea of work hard, play hard – spending significantly more on entertainment than previous generations (at all income levels).
You can’t take it with you, right? If the woman profiled in this article is any indication, these choices may be catching up with some Boomers who will not have the financial footing to expect an old age of leisure and travel. Yet their parents, who likely never made a fraction of the salary they’ve come to expect, had the savings discipline borne out of the great depression (even if passed on by their own parents) and the societal infrastructure to support a strong and adventurous retirement, if they wish.
In December, the Pew Research Center released the results of a snap survey that asked whether individuals preferred to work with male or female co-workers. Whether politically correct or simply honest, the overwhelming majority (77%) expressed no preference. However, of those that did express a preference, males and females both stated a preference for working with males. But then they dug deeper and analyzed the responses by generation…
Interestingly, the survey indicated that Millennials are “significantly less likely to prefer working with male coworkers than other generations.” And Millennial men are nearly twice as likely to prefer working with mostly women than Millennial women.
Admittedly, this was a very simplistic survey – asking only three questions about personal preference and the perceived preference of others – yet I still find it intriguing that the youngest men in the workforce are the most interested in working with women. The survey doesn’t indicate whether that preference is for female peers (Millennial women) or all women (female bosses over male bosses), so the theories on why this could be are far ranging and could build on every gender stereotype known to man. But is there something inherently different with this generation, or is it simply an issue of age? I did not find any similar reports from previous generations, so for now we’ll just have to surmise. What are your thoughts?
That’s the question the Pew Research Center asked recently. And the answer is, the kids. Millennials want to be the boss, Gen Xers are split, and Boomers say, no thanks. More scientifically, 32% of Boomer, 58% of Gen Xers and 70% of Millennials males (and 21%, 41% and 61%, respectively for females) want to be the boss.
That may or may not come as a surprise to you. Often those with the least power are most hungry for it, and those in power better understand the burden. So, from a generational and age perspective it makes sense that the youngest workers are most eager to become the boss. But what does that really mean?
If you apply what we know about each generation – Millennials’ desire for independence and self-reliace, Gen Xers wish to better balance personal and professional achievement – it may be that there is a slightly different definition of “boss” at play. Does the younger generation want to be the boss of others? Or just the boss of themselves?
Aging Baby Boomers who don’t want to take on the typical retirement stereotypes have created demand for new businesses aimed at helping them address their AARP years in a whole new way. On the flip side of business, some Millennials are recognizing that their unique way of navigating the workforce demands some new ways of looking at business. Dan Friedman, the millennial founder of one such business, Thinkful, recently shared his perspective in Business Insider. In an nutshell, Friedman proposes that the loss of expectations for meaningful employee-employer loyalty has created a professional learning gap for today’s young workers. More companies are offering less professional development because employees don’t stay around long enough for it to be considered a good investment.
Friedman’s solution is to create a non-collegiate learning platform that allows young professionals to get the workplace development they want on their terms, regardless of employer involvement. Which, when you think about it, a very Millennial approach: my way, right away, for my benefit. And it would be easy to get cynical about that, except for that pesky truth about diminished professional development at many companies and the incredibly shrinking tenure.
In the chicken-egg discussion that is generations in the workplace one might ask whether such a solution is only fueling the problem, but that isn’t going to get you very far. The more interesting discussion, in my view, is this: what other businesses may develop in response to changing demands from this youngest workforce? So much attention is paid to what the Boomers may need (and they tend to have the finances to support entrepreneurs, so this makes sense), but their offspring have some high needs, too. Kudos to Friedman for seeing a distinct trend and creating a business opportunity for himself that may well be an opportunity for business overall.
As much as it is maligned, the whole concept of “go out and find a job that makes you happy” may not be such a bad thing after all. Yes, it is possible that seeking happiness may make a person perpetually dissatisfied, as if there is always likely to be something better around the next bend. However, there are layers of happiness that can come with simple things, such as career accomplishments. And it seems this is where some companies are missing the boat.
In a recent Workplace Insights study by Accounting Principals, hiring managers shared that while they know more employees leave to pursue professional development opportunities (26 percent) as they do salary increases (21 percent), they are more willing to negotiate salary (39 percent) than to discuss career development (14 percent). And yet 25 percent are kept up at night thinking about recruitment.
On the surface, the logic seems awfully clear:
- Employees value career development ahead of salary and are willing to leave to learn.
- Recruiting is a pain point for companies and is more expensive than retaining good employees.
- Clear career development programs could increase engagement and retention, thereby minimizing recruitment needs.
And yet the go-to negotiation is salary. That’s the old way. Today’s workers want to be engaged. They want to feel empowered. And they want to grow – all of this can be used to your advantage as a business owner or manager. Spend the time to understand what your employees want to learn and how they see their careers advancing. Then make sure the mechanism exists to help them achieve that goal. The result will be interested, engaged and better-skilled employees who are creating the jobs that make them happy.